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plectranthus amboinicus common name

International Common Names. Botanical Name : Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Description. Other common names: Cuban oregano, Spanish/French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, country borage It’s origin is unknown, but it is likely native to India or Africa. The species epithet “amboinicus” is derived from Ambon, an island in the East Indies where Rumphius, a well-known botanist, is from. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Samoa. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Family 175. The species reproduces both by seeds and vegetatively (Wagner and Lorence, 2014) and forms dense carpets in shaded dry forest (PIER, 2014). Common Name: Country Borage. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific islands (SPREP Member Countries). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). It competes with native flora by forming dense thickets (PIER, 2014) and can regenerate both vegetatively and by seed (Whistler, 2000; Wagner and Lorence, 2014). It is also considered as a diuretic herbal agent and its leaves have a pungent taste and a pleasant odour. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. From there it went to Solenostemon scutellarioides, but recently the … Coleus amboinicus Lour. Flowers terminal, spicate, 10-20 cm long, densely pubescent, the verticils 10-20(or more)-flowered, subglobose, the bracts 3-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular; pedicels slender, hirsute, to 5 mm long; calyx campanulate, 1.5-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular, the upper lip erect, broadly ovate-oblong, the other teeth narrow, acute; corolla pale blue or mauve to pink, 8-12 mm long, the tube declinate, 3-4 mm long, expanding distally, pubescent without, the upper lip to 4.5 mm long, 3 mm wide, erect, puberulent, the lower lop to 5-6 mm long, 4 mm wide, concave; stamens with filaments mostly fused into a tube around the style. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. In Singapore, it is best grown in semi-shade, but it can be grown in full sun in temperate climates. Habit: It is a mound-forming succulent subshrubs, shrubby at the base, much branched up to 150 (or more)cm in diameter and 30-90 cm tall if left untrimmed. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) A Global Compendium of Weeds. Common names: African thyme, French thyme, country borage, Indian borage, Indian mint, broad-leaf thyme, soup mint (Eng. The PLANTS Database. The stem is fleshy, about Template:Convert, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs (tomentose). http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. P. amboinicus is known to be invasive in the Virgin Islands, Cuba, and various parts of the Pacific (see Distribution Table), and has a negative impact on ecosystems it has invaded. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. The Indian Borage plant has the name “Plectranthus” which comes from the Greek “plectron”, meaning spur, and “Anthos”, meaning flower, this refers to a flower that is shaped like a nail. P. amboinicus is widely cultivated as a medicinal plant, potherb, ornamental, and condiment in tropical regions around the world. > 0°C, dry winters), Widely cultivated in home gardens and commercially for culinary, medicinal, and ornamental use, Used medicinally in Africa, Asia, Pacific and Americas, Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Plectranthus is a paleotropical genus comprising around 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, often succulent (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Flora Mesoamericana. (2010). Online database. Meyer JY, 2000. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. USDA-ARS, 2014. Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m In the USA, the species occurs as a perennial shrub (USDA-NRCS, 2014). Tropicos database. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-m, Lukhoba C W, Simmonds M S J, Paton A J, 2006. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). , 2012. Synonyms. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Merrill E D, 1923. 103 (1), 1-24. Flower stalks are slender, up to 5 mm long. (Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. ... Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – … An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants [reprint]. I see the reason for the confusion! Plectranthus aromaticus Roxb. up, densely hairy. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Leaves are Template:Convert by Template:Convert, fleshy, undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate). Flora of South Africa., Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Compendium record. Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. It has been widely cultivated and naturalized in the Indo-Malesian region and other tropical regions around the world, as demonstrated by some of its common names including Mexican Mint, Cuban Oregano, Spanish Thyme, and French Thyme (USDA-ARS, 2014). Because of the lack of clear-cut morphological criteria to discriminate not only among species within the Plectranthus genus but also among the closely related genera, numerous taxonomic problems in the naming of species have resulted in misplacement of species in several closely related genera like Coleus, Solenostemon and Englerastrum (Lukhoba et al., 2006). University of Hawaii, 2014. 0.7 mm long, 0.5 mm wide. PIER, 2014. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban Oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican Mint, Indian Borage and Caribbean Oregano. Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. London, UK: Cassell. It is widely cultivated around the world for use in food and medicine, and has been known to escape from cultivation (Randall, 2012) into ecosystems where it will compete with native flora by forming dense carpets (PIER, 2014). velvety spikes, 10-20 cm long. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Tropical ornamentals. The margins are coarsely crenate to dentate-crenate except in the base. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. 1124 pp. The origin of Cuban Oregano is unknown - it is widely This species has many vernacular names, most of them inaccurately associating P. amboinicus as a mint, thyme, or oregano. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.011. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. The species P. amboinicus was originally classified under the genus Coleus by Loureiro in 1790 but was moved to the Plectranthus genus by Sprengel in 1825, although both names are sometimes seen in the literature today. Leaves have stalks densely velvety, like most mint family plants. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 103(1):1-24. For many years, the genus and species of this plant was Coleus blumei. World Checklist of Lamiaceae. excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, rhombic, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base. Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Since it is a popular and widely used herb, it may continue to escape cultivation and invade native ecosystems. Finely chopped, they Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Berolini, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Govaerts R, 2014. Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. It was growing in the Virgin Islands by 1881, Puerto Rico by 1886, Guadeloupe by 1892, Jamaica by 1897, and Cuba by 1912 (Smithsonian Herbarium collections). can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. According to Roux (2003), it occurs naturally in Africa from Kenya southwards to Angola in the west and, in the east, to Mozambique, Swaziland and northern Natal. In Bolivia the species is cultivated in semideciduous forest (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). Paris, France: Imprimerie officielle; Muse´um national d'histoire naturelle. Family 175- Labiatae). The origin of P. amboinicus is unknown, but it may be native to Africa and possibly India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). ); Afrika-tiemie, krui-spoorsalie (Afr.) a tube around style. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. Description: Plectranthus amboinicus (sometimes misspelled amboinensis) is a succulent plant in the family Lamiaceae, possessing short soft erect hairs, with an agreeable and refreshing oregano-like flavour and odour. – Mexican mint. It can tolerate a range of soil conditions, shade, and moisture (Whistler, 2000). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. [Wagner and Lorence, 2014]. Spreng. Plectranthus amboinicus (Cuban Oregano) Scientific Name. Panikoorka, or Plectranthus amboinicus, is a popular remedy used in South Indian states to treat coughs and colds in children.The plant is known for its numerous therapeutic benefits, and is particularly popular in Kerala. http://www.tropicos.org/, PIER, 2014. Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. Common names for Plectranthus amboinicus: Barbados Thyme, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, Five Seasons Herb, French Thyme, Indian Mint, Jamaican Thyme, Mexican Oregano, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Plectranthus amboinicus is included in the following B and T … Preferred Scientific Name. lip up to 5-6 x 4 mm, concave. Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. most mint family plants. The leaves are strongly flavoured and make an Filaments of stamens are mostly fused into It is known to grow in rocky, loamy or sandy soil (Roux, 2003). Merrill ED, 1923. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng belongs to family Lamiaceae, known as country borage in English. Plants in the Plectranthus genus are closely related to mint as they are part of the same family—the Lamiaceae family. Common Names. margin or entire toward base. Show All Show Tabs Mexican mint General Information; Symbol: PLAM2 ... Scientific Name; COAM5: Coleus amboinicus Lour. Online Database. Indian borage; Other Scientific Names. Plectranthus is a large genus of plants native to areas in the Southern Hemisphere containing approximately 350 species. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175. Stearn WT, 1992. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Wyk BEvan, 2005. They are thickly stu… Plant common names… not so much. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus Cuban oregano isn’t actually oregano, or even mint, thyme, or borage. Let’s start with what it is not. Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. tall. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175, http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm, http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-m, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Protected agriculture (e.g. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. Roux JP, 2003. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) http://www.tropicos.org/. Coleus aromaticus (Roxb.) It is large succulent aromatic perennial herb, shrubby below, hispidly villous or tomentose. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, Bird common names are highly regulated. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Roux JP, 2003. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. Spreng. Its name derives from the Greek words ‘plectron’, meaning ‘spur’, and ‘anthos’, meaning ‘flower’, in reference to the spur-shaped flowers of some members of the genus (Stearn, 1992). Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. World Checklist of Lamiaceae., Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Common Name: Cuban Oregano Family: Lamiaceae Lindl. Department of Botany Vascular Plant Family Access Page: Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Fruit nutlets smooth, pale brown, ca. The species is tolerant of some shade (PIER, 2014), preferring fertile, well-drained soils in partially shaded areas (Whistler, 2000). This evergreen perennial works well in mixed beds and mass plantings and as a ground-cover. The origin of P. amboinicus is thought to be tropical Africa, from whence it was introduced into India and then various parts of Asia by early explorers (Hanelt et al., 2001; Roux, 2003; Wyk, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014; Wagner and Lorence, 2014).). P. amboinicus contains limonene, linalool, myrcene and thymol as well as amorphene and cubebene, which may have antimicrobial activity (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Spreng. Old stems are smooth (glabrescent). Although it is known to be cultivated in South America, the species was not included in Funk et al.’s (2007) work on the Guiana Shield or the Brazilian flora of Forzza et al. Labiatae (South Australia) Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. P. amboinicus has spread to most tropical parts of the world through intentional human introduction for cultivation. Accidental introduction to the wild has also occurred; the species can regenerate by both seeds and vegetative fragments, and is known to be a cultivation escape (PIER, 2014). Spreng. Famille 175. Among the several medicinal plants used in Ayurveda, Plectranthus amboinicus is known to possess anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-epileptic properties. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Its most popular latin name is Plectranthus amboinicus, but this name is also used commonly, mistakenly for closely related species Plectranthus tomentosa, Plectrantus cremnus and their many hybrids. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. Preferred Common Name. Flowers are pale blue or mauve to Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. The aromatic leaves are used as a food additive or spice, flavouring meat, soups, fish, and local beer (Hanelt et al., 2001; Wyk, 2005). The leaves are also eaten as a vegetable, as well as for washing clothes, hair, and laundry due to its fragrance (Whistler, 2000; Wyk, 2005; Lukhoba et al., 2006). Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. USDA-ARS, 2014. Coleus scutellarioides, commonly known as coleus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae (the mint or deadnettle family), native to southeast Asia through to Australia. Family 175- Labiatae (Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. Urban I, 1898-1928. Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen, perennial plant up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall, with... Hardiness. http://plants.usda.gov. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) In Brazil, the species is often grown in subsistence agriculture (Wyk, 2005). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Forzza R, 2010. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. - Labiatae)., Paris, France: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle . https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wagner WL, Lorence DH, 2014. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. With common names that include Mexican mint, Spanish thyme, and Indian borage, Cuban oregano leaves many gardeners wondering exactly what it is when they encounter it at a garden center. The PLANTS Database. Lukhoba CW; Simmonds MSJ; Paton AJ, 2006. Further research is recommended on control of the species. In Africa it is found at low altitudes in woodland or coastal bush, on rocky slopes and loamy or sandy flats (Roux, 2003). Sprawling and somewhat succulent aromatic herb to 1 m high, sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, the branchlets ascending, densely spreading-hirsute. Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006). An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. P. amboinicus is of unknown origin but possibly Africa and India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014), and it has since been distributed and cultivated pantropically. cultivated world-wide. - Labiatae [Lamiaceae]. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm. Coleus amboinicus Lour. http://plants.usda.gov/, Wagner WL; Lorence DH, 2014. pink, 8-12 mm long - the upper lip is up to 4.5 x 3 mm, erect, the lower This plant is nicknamed “amboinicus” from Ambon, an island where a botanist lives, his name is … The species can regenerate vegetatively as well as by seeds (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Botany Suganda is an erect, spreading, branched, rather coarse, strongly aromatic, green herb, with fleshy stems. http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541. rhombic, or kidney-shaped, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm broad, coarsely toothed at 1192 pp. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. How to Grow Plectranthus Amboinicus. Benth. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Variegated form Photograph by: Mokkie. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican mint, Indian borage and Caribbean oregano. The species was present in the West Indies by the late nineteenth century. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus - Cuban Oregano Polska wersja PLANT PROFILE The plant that You can see on photos here is a herb that have many names. Berlin, Germany: Springer. Common Name : Cuban Oregano, Indian Borage, Indian Mint, Mexican Mint Plant Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Plant Form : Succulents Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park About Plectranthus amboinicus Plant : Habit : A sprawling, perennial and succulent herb with short hairs and fleshy stems. Spreng. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Flowers are borne in 10-20-flowered, densely Leaves are fleshy, broadly ovate, 4 to 9 centimeters long, often heart-shaped, and somewhat hairy, with rounded toothed margins, with the tip and base decurrent. It is used medicinally in Brazil for the treatment of skin ulcerations caused by Leishmania braziliensis, in Malaysia to treat burns and as a poultice for centipedes and scorpion bites, and in India, the juice of the leaves is used to treat skin allergies (Lukhoba et al., 2006). It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). P. amboinicus is cultivated in gardens and commercial agricultural settings. P. amboinicus occurs at low altitudes; in Mesoamerica the species grows from 0 to 800 m and in Bolivia it has been recorded at 0-500 m (Roux, 2003; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014). Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. The Plectranthus genus is characterized by both annual and perennial plants, many of which are used for food, ornamental, and medical purposes. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Humbert H, 1951. Leaves have stalks 1-4.5 cm long, densely velvety, like Occurs as a diuretic herbal agent and its leaves have stalks 1-4.5 cm long, densely velvety, most. Commercial agricultural settings CABI editor filaments of stamens are mostly fused into a tube style! Crops ( except Ornamentals )., paris, France: Museum d'histoire. 1 m tall Carolina, USA: Smithsonian Institution a Global Compendium of Weeds.,,. Is shade tolerant ( PIER, 2014 )., paris, France: Museum National d'histoire plectranthus amboinicus common name continued., South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium COAM5 Coleus! ; COAM5: Coleus amboinicus, and moisture ( Whistler, 2000 )., paris,:... Flora Mesoamericana, 2014 )., plectranthus amboinicus common name, France: Museum National d'histoire naturelle is widely as... Conflicting information on the Status perennial herb, shrubby below, hispidly villous or tomentose by CABI.... 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Is an attractive, evergreen, perennial plant up to 5 mm long and Horticultural Crops ( Ornamentals! ; Berry P ; Kelloff C ; Alexander SN, 2007 ecosystems at Risk., honolulu, USA Missouri! Genus of plants native to areas in the Southern Hemisphere containing approximately 350.... Evergreen perennial works well in mixed beds and mass plantings and as a cultivated and. 2000 )., paris, France: Imprimerie officielle ; Muse´um d'histoire... Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the invasive plants in the West Indies by the late century. 3.3 feet ( 1 ):1-24 inaccurately associating p. amboinicus has spread to most tropical parts of the names!: //browsehappy.com/ Labiatae ( Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros, 2005 ),. And the environment worldwide further research is recommended on control of the Botanical names of some cultivated....

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