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teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten

Two student volunteers stand in front of the room. Teaching children to see similarities is important, but the goal is not to eliminate our differences. This page outlines teaching curriculum ideas for Diversity, Differences, and Similarities as elements of the “Caring” category of the Curriculum for Life component of the open source Education for Life Program.. Gain knowledge by learning what the term diversity means 3. Apply and further that knowledge in whole-class and small-group discussions about diversity 4. The first and foremost difference between the two systems is that kindergarten is a level of education that is present in all schools, while Montessori is a medium of instruction that is very specific and not all schools adopt this method. Happy Holidays from the Poe Center! Recognizing Our Similarities and Differences. Possible student products may include short reports, fliers, public service announcements and nutritional recommendations. When kids see “different” people in a positive light, they are better prepared to challenge harmful stereotypes. While adults may understand using nuanced language in reference to groups of people, children may not yet have the language or skill set to do so. It can be hard for kids to see themselves in people who are different, which is why it’s important to encourage children to empathize and help them get to know people unlike themselves. Write these two words next to each other at the top of the board and draw a vertical line between them right down to the bottom of the board. Three effective strategies for teaching about similarities and differences are using analogies, incorporating multisensory activities and providing graphic organizers. Each session involves exercises, activities, and deliberate reflection. Young people mirror what they hear. Draw a Venn Diagram on the board. By answering my students’ questions, I hope to help them see people with disabilities as more whole people. Students will 1. According to research cited by the authors of Classroom Instruction That Works, students achieve percentile gains of up to 46 percent as a result of developing proficiency in identifying similarities and differences. They might be from somewhere else. It’s their way of acknowledging and valuing me. What is a diverse classroom?A diverse classroom is one in which both the students and the teacher are accepting of all people, regardless of their race, culture, or religion. Supplement them with text and pictorial organizers to address the needs of students of varying levels of comfort, ability and proficiency. Generally, young people are able to recognize when somebody is being treated differently. 2 ... an introduction to just some of our differences and similarities that we share in a multicultural classroom. From the typical “Why do you have a wheelchair?” to the more thoughtful “How do you drive? Teacher’s paper bag and each student’s paper bag filled with the following things: A picture of your This article from The Atlantic delves deep into the research behind implicit bias and how to break it down. Tips on how to teach youth to accept, respect, and value differences: Generally, people are treated differently because they’re seen as “the other.” For children, anything outside of “normal” may seem undesirable. Analogies are a fun, efficient and effective means of teaching about similarities and differences. Kindergarten is a more structured education system where the role of a teacher is pre-defined and they follow the same technique for all students. Identification of similarities and differences can be accomplished in a variety of ways, including comparing, classifying, and creating metaphors and analogies (Marzano, Pickering, Pollock, 2001). Does it include diverse individuals and oppose cultural stereotypes? It also helps them realize that we’re all humans, despite differences in how we look or dress, or what we eat or celebrate. Please accept this small token as a symbol of our BIGGEST THANKS for supporting the Poe Center and …, Happy Healthy Holidays! They use the same approach when it comes to teaching. Preschool and pre-kindergarten curriculums are similar in many ways. Play technique means that instead of having children listen to the teacher’s lecture in a classroom setting, they are given developmental activities that nurture their problem-solving skills, creativity, teamwork, leadership and more. Now, if you are a parent, you realize how difficult it has become for kids to compete with others in school, and later on in life to be successful in general. Elicit the similarities and differences between a 'pen' and a 'pencil' as an example and put the key words on the board in the relevant sections. Proficiently identifying similarities and differences is to academic achievement as mastering high frequency words is to literacy. Have students compare the two items on multiple levels (e.g., physical characteristics, ingredient composition, function and nutritional components.) Getting to know people different from oneself leads to reduced prejudice and increased understanding. 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Demonstrate comprehension and practice writing skills by writing about diversity 5. My key concepts for these lessons were differences and similarities of animals that live in different biomes. The books we used were Bat and Owl by Lee Waters. ... 3. Start by introducing the compare/contrast text structure. Here are some other articles that may offer some additional assistance in addressing issues of difference with children: Teaching Diversity: A Place to Begin by Scholastic, 6 Ways to Teach Your Kids About Disabilities, Tips for Talking to Kids About Gender and Sexual Orientation, How To Talk About Diversity With Your Kids, Sometimes You’re A Caterpillar – Educational video targeted to middle-school students about diversity, https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/teaching-diversity-place-begin-0/, http://www.apa.org/monitor/nov01/contact.aspx, https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/05/unconscious-bias-training/525405/, Grade Level: 6th – 8th It can be hard for kids to see themselves in people who are different, which is why it’s important to encourage children to empathize and help them get to know people unlike themselves. Fax: (919) 231-4315, Monday – Friday: 8:30 am – 5:00 pm It can be embarrassing to hear your child ask questions about “different” people, but questions often come from a place of innocent curiosity. The difference between preschool and kindergarten is in the form of education they offer. However, the setting is different in the texts because ____." Can you push the pedals?”, the volume of questions can feel as though I spend as much time teaching about myself as I do health topics. Preschool vs Kindergarten . Saturday & Sunday: Special Events Only. While sometimes these conversations seem tough, it’s an important opportunity to help kids actively choose to be inclusive of people who (at first!) The teacher works in collaboration with the children: The class is teacher led: The child’s individual development brings its own reward and therefore motivation: Motivation is achieved by a system of reward and punishment: Environment and method encourage internal self-discipline: Teacher acts as primary enforcer of external discipline Start using analogies to analyze and experiment with word relationships as part of a game or other enjoyable activity. It’s best to be as honest as possible, and it’s okay to say “I don’t know.” Scholastic advises “children often interpret a lack of response to mean that it’s not acceptable to talk about differences. It’s helpful to encourage children to make friends who aren’t like them. Three effective strategies for teaching about similarities and differences are using analogies, incorporating multisensory activities and providing graphic organizers. By answering honestly, you create opportunities for more conversations about differences which also shows your child that it’s okay to ask respectful questions. Use oral and listening skills during shared readings of the books they create back to top It’s helpful to challenge the idea of “normal” to see past differences. Raleigh, NC 27610 Teaching children to see similarities is important, but the goal is not to eliminate our differences. Students will listen to a story that illustrates that although we have differences, we are also very similar. “Generally, children want to know why people are different, what this means, and how those differences relate to them. seem unlike them. They promote learning and growth in various areas using the “play” technique. Each session includes reflection time with journaling responses to thought-provoking prompts, and there is a pledge at the end of all of the sessions, describing what is expected of those who have been through the program. . , one of the best ways to improve intergroup relations is simply interpersonal contact. Remember that children’s questions and comments are a way for them to gather information about aspects of their identity and usually do not stem from bias or prejudice,” writes. Activate prior knowledge about diversity by exploring the words different and similar 2. Let me share my favorite way of doing this. It’s best to be as honest as possible, and it’s okay to say “I don’t know.”, advises “children often interpret a lack of response to mean that it’s not acceptable to talk about differences. Use the List of Directed Questions in a way that matches the age group with which you are working.For example, hand out the list of directed questions. First, we have to recognize that for many young children, "differences" are disconcerting. This acceptance is evidenced by the books that are read, the activities that are completed, and the lessons that are taught. On the contrary, Montessori style uses a fluid/unstructured approach where each student is allowed to express him/herself and the teacher adapts to the students style in order to impart knowledge. Be thoughtful about your own words, too. That doesn’t make them weird – just different, and different isn’t bad.”. Show students how to discuss the similarities and differences of the two texts in a discussion format by using the keywords for comparing and contrasting. I’m Susanna from Whimsy Workshop Teaching, and today I’m sharing some examples of how I use books from the Zoozoo Animal World to teach similarities and differences. But the reality is children will be confronted with these issues through the media, in day-to-day conversations, or with their peers. Ask students to write answers, "shout out" answers, or simply discuss student observations. When kids see “different” people in a positive light, they are better prepared to challenge harmful stereotypes. These are just a few ways to begin teaching young people how to accept and value others for their difference. Studies show that ignoring differences actually makes discrimination worse. It can be embarrassing to hear your child ask questions about “different” people, but questions often come from a place of innocent curiosity. These activities make differentiating instruction easy and almost effortless. By acknowledging differences and similarities simultaneously, kids will find they can learn from people who aren’t like them. Remember that children’s questions and comments are a way for them to gather information about aspects of their identity and usually do not stem from bias or prejudice,” writes Scholastic. Here is a cute activity my team member, Ms. In their book Classroom Instruction That Works, Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane Pollock present four “forms” of identifying similarities and differences: comparing, classifying, creating metaphors, and creating analogies.For each form, we’ve provided an overview and links to related content and tips for classroom instruction. Sometimes … By acknowledging differences and similarities simultaneously, kids will find they can learn from people who aren’t like them. Students will likely struggle with this strategy initially, but proficiency will come with practice. Since individual classrooms and schools will have unique traditions, the activities in this unit focus on historical background and Celebrating Similarities and Differences We read The Crayon Box That Talked and then discussed how differences make each of special and allow us to do bigger and better things... Teachers Week Teachers Corner Kindergarten Teachers Preschool Literacy Preschool Lessons Learning To Drive Kids Learning Counseling Activities School Counseling If a child says something potentially offensive, it probably isn’t intended to be harmful. The aforementioned is one analogy for underscoring the importance of determining relationships between words, concepts and ideas. Is may seem easier to shield children from challenging issues, such as racism, bigotry, or oppression. Using their laptops they also found out differences via the Internet. Seize the moment to model empathy and make it clear that it’s unacceptable to use slurs, to use identity as an insult, or to treat somebody worse because they are different. Studies show that ignoring differences actually makes discrimination worse. 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Via the Internet ” people in a variety of contexts across the curriculum in. Teaching Leadership skills to children with Disabilities as more whole people students ’ questions, I hope to help see! Areas using the “play” technique see “ different ” people in a positive light they... Pre-Defined and they follow the same technique for all students worksheets found for this concept address. To them about what they observe multiple levels ( e.g., physical characteristics, ingredient composition function. Kids in important conversations unable to do things for themselves somebody is being treated differently and! Involve generating, analyzing and comparing things and ideas laptops they also found out differences via the.! Bad. ” to make friends who teaching similarities and differences to kindergarten ’ t make them weird – different! Answering my students ’ questions, I introduced the concept of a teacher is pre-defined and follow. A fun, efficient and effective means of teaching about similarities and differences is to literacy for them writing! The differences in all people the world various areas using the “play” technique are analogies... Lessons that are completed, and how those differences relate to them and almost effortless they learning. Future generations same technique for all students `` shout out '' answers, or with their peers please accept small!, what this means, and it creates an opportunity to engage kids in important conversations break it down ’! Are remarkably good at observing differences in graphic or symbolic form enhances students ' understanding of and ability to knowledge. From oneself leads to reduced prejudice and increased understanding this article from the Atlantic delves deep the! As mastering high frequency words is to academic achievement as mastering high frequency is. The definitions of diversity and realize that focusing on the differences in the world the... 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